Local development & testing

Install basic requirements

Use the tools appropriate to your operating system to install the following packages. For OSX you can use Homebrew. For Ubuntu you can use Apt.

  • pip
  • virtualenv
  • virtualenvwrapper
  • PostgreSQL
  • Mercurial (hg)

Set up PANDA

This script will setup the complete application, except for Solr. Be sure to read the comments, as some steps require opening additional terminals:

# Get source and requirements
git clone git://github.com/pandaproject/panda.git
cd panda
mkvirtualenv --no-site-packages panda
pip install -r requirements.txt

# Create log directory
sudo mkdir /var/log/panda
sudo chown $USER /var/log/panda

# Create data directories
mkdir /tmp/panda
mkdir /tmp/panda_exports

# Enter "panda" when prompted for password
createuser -d -R -S -P panda
createdb -O panda panda
python manage.py syncdb --noinput
python manage.py migrate --noinput
python manage.py loaddata panda/fixtures/init_panda.json
python manage.py loaddata panda/fixtures/test_users.json

# Start PANDA
python manage.py runserver

Open a new terminal in the PANDA directory and enter:

# Start the task queue
workon panda
python manage.py celeryd

Open another terminal in the PANDA directory and enter:

# Run a local email server
workon panda
fab local_email

Set up Solr

Installing Solr can be tricky and will vary quite a bit depending on your operating system. The following will get you up and running on OSX Lion (and probably other versions). If you’ve just started the PANDA server, open a new terminal in the PANDA directory and enter these commands:

# Get into the env
workon panda

# Fetch the Solr 3.4.0 binaries
curl http://archive.apache.org/dist/lucene/solr/3.4.0/apache-solr-3.4.0.tgz -o apache-solr-3.4.0.tgz
tar -zxf apache-solr-3.4.0.tgz
rm apache-solr-3.4.0.tgz

# Create Solr home directory
sudo mkdir /var/solr
sudo chown $USER /var/solr

# Jump back to the directory where you installed PANDA
cd ~/src/panda

# This command will install all Solr configuration
fab local_reset_solr

# To start Solr
fab local_solr

Checking your PANDA

Your PANDA should now be running at:


A PANDA installed locally will not run through the normal setup mode procudure. Instead, two default users will be created.

You can login using the default user credentials:

Username: user@pandaproject.net
Password: user

Or the default administrator credentials:

Username: panda@pandaproject.net
Password: panda

Running Python unit tests

To run the unit tests, start Solr and execute the test runner, like so:

# Ensure you are in the PANDA source directory and your virtualenv is active
# You may need to customize the fabfile so it can find your Solr installation.
fab local_solr

# Quite a bit of output will be printed to the screen.
# Wait until you see something like
# 2011-11-02 14:15:54.061:INFO::Started SocketConnector@
# Then, open another terminal and change to your PANDA source directory.
workon panda
python manage.py test panda

Running Javascript unit tests

Running the Javascript unit tests requires that the application server is running (to render the the JST template map). To run the Javascript tests, first start the test server with python manage.py runserver, then open the file client/static/js/SpecRunner.html in your browser (e.g. file://localhost/Users/onyxfish/src/panda/client/static/js/SpecRunner.html.

Internationalization (I18N)

PANDA has been “internationalized” so that it can be used by journalists who speak languages other than English. (Because the word internationalization is so long, it is frequently written i18n.)

Generally, PANDA uses Django’s i18n framework, which itself uses Python’s gettext module. Simplistically, the process is to take every literal text message which would be shown to users and wrap that text in a function call which looks up the appropriate translation for the message. Other Django tools can recognize these function calls and automatically add new messages to the translation files (known as PO files).

A full explanation of how to internationalize an application is beyond the scope of this document, but here are some things developers should know. * When adding a message in a python file, you must wrap it in a call to ugettext, or one of the related methods. * When adding a message in a Javascript file, you must wrap it in a call to gettext. * When editing messages for clarity or spelling, remember that the literal text is used as the “lookup key” for a translation, so you probably also have to edit the same text wherever it appears in a po file under the locale directory. * Do not add literal messages to Javascript template (jst) files, because they won’t be detected. Instead, find a matching js file in client/static/js/text and add a key/value pair to the dictionary which is returned. * Special care must be handled with messages which have variable components, or which may have different grammatical forms, for example, singular/plural, depending on the value of a variable. Look for examples elsewhere in the code.

If you make changes or add translated text, you must remember to rebuild the po files and recompile the messages. This is easily done using fab commands.

When running locally, if you’d like to see your PANDA running in a different language, create or edit the file config/local_settings.py

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